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Ermita de San Pedro

Almagro’s hermitages

The hermitages are sober and humble pieces of architecture, which contributes with character and diversity to the rich architectural map of the City of Almagro that has been declared Historic-Artistic Site since 1972.

Since 2007 the Almagro International Festival of Classical Theatre has organized several activities around these hermitages with the clear aim of giving back to these religious buildings, the power of gathering the social life – as back in seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries – and especially of arousing the interest in the performing arts in the neighbourhoods in which they are located.

Every year during the nights of the Festival, a large audience from of all ages comes here to assist to the numerous - free entrance- activities, such as street theatre performances and open air movie screenings under the starry sky of La Mancha.

Since its origin, Almagro has been divided into different neighbourhoods and each one of them has its own hermitage, which was taken care and maintained by its neighbours.
The development of the hermitages is mainly due to the rise of the cult of the statues and the relics, especially during the Middle Age and throughout the Modern Age, and also to the resurgence of popular religiosity during the Counter-Reformation.

From the architectural point of view, the hermitages respond to different styles.
For their construction were commonly used materials of clear popular tradition, such as soil, stone and wood, elements that allow differentiating the historical moment of the construction of each one of them. Their funding and maintenance was based primarily on almsgiving, patronage, or inheritance that the various devotions used to receive.

Hermitage of San Pedro

The original hermitage devoted to Saint Peter was destroyed at the beginning of Spanish Civil War (1936). In the esplanade, where for a long time the ruins were standing, the hermitage we can see nowadays, was eventually reconstructed following the guidelines of the architect Miguel Fisac and it has been inaugurated in 1983.

The building today is composed by a main nave, to which the rest of religious annexes are added. This hermitage stands out for its simplicity and for collecting the essence of the religious constructions of popular character with its firm, bright and serene white-washed walls; the most notable decorative element is the use of white concrete set in flexible formwork, in the entrance porch; a characteristic element of the architect native from La Mancha who set up this hermitage. In addition, from its construction in the 80's to the present day, the hermitage of San Pedro has been evolving and improving its appearance and structure.